圣诞节

December 28th, 2010 by eiragao

Christmas is a Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. No one knows the exact date of Christ’s birth, but most Christians observe Christmas on December 25. On this day, many go to church, where they take part in special religious services. During the Christmas season, they also exchange gifts and decorate their homes with holly, mistletoe, and Christmas trees.
The annual Christmas is coming, although it is not a traditional Chinese holiday, but many of the young people began to celebrate Christmas. In China everywhere brimmed with Christmas atmosphere. ShoppingMalls would have put the Christmas tree and many gifts.Young lovers hope while Christmas romantic.

Today we’ll learn one sentences about Christmas wishes. I hope you can speak some Chinese sentences with your friends.

zhù nǐ shèng dàn jié kuài lè!
祝你圣诞节快乐! (Merry Christmas)

Do you think it’s very easy? Yes, so don’t think about Chinese is difficult.
Ok, follow me to learn happy Chinese!


About HSK(二) —- About Applicants of HSK

November 24th, 2010 by eiragao

Today I will continue to introduce HSK.
1. About Applicants of HSK
  HSK (Basic) applies to those learners with the basic Chinese proficiencies, namely, those who have taken 100 to 800 hours of regular modern Chinese learning (including those with the equivalent learning experiences). HSK (Elementary-Intermediate) is for those who are at the elementary and intermediate level in Chinese proficiency, i.e. those who have taken 400-2000 regular hours of modern Chinese courses (including those whose proficiency in Chinese is similar to that standard). The HSK (Advanced) is designed to measure the Chinese proficiency of those who are proficient in Chinese, i.e. who have taken 3000 regular hours or more modern Chinese learning (including those whose proficiency in Chinese is similar to that standard).

2. The functions of HSK Certificates
  (1)to certify that the holder has acquired the required Chinese Proficiency to enter a college or university as an undergraduate or graduate student.
  (2)to certify that the holder can be exempt from taking the Chinese language course depending on the level of certification.
  (3)as a basis for the employers to evaluate the Chinese proficiency of the job applicants.

3. HSK organizer and certificate issuer
  CNCCPT is the organizer of HSK.
  And the CNCCPT Office and the HSK Center of BLCU are both in charge of the HSK affairs.


About HSK(一)

November 24th, 2010 by eiragao

With the continuous improvement of china social status,chinese has given more influence in the world. since the 1980s Chinese has been regarded by the world society and it is a subject very worthy to be studied. Lots of foreigners come to China and learn Chinese. They want to know Chinese culture. Lots people want to take an Chinese examination HSK.
Let me introduce HSK.
China’s Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi, known as HSK or the Chinese Proficiency Test is a standardized test at the state level designed and developed by the HSK Center of Beijing Language and Culture University to assess the Chinese proficiency of non-native speakers (foreigners, overseas Chinese and students of Chinese national minorities). HSK consists of the basic Chinese proficiency test (HSK Basic), the elementary and intermediate Chinese proficiency test (HSK Elementary-Intermediate) and the advanced Chinese proficiency test (HSK Advanced). HSK is held regularly in China and other countries each year. Certificates of HSK will be issued to those who have secured the required scores.
  The Chinese Ministry of Education has established China National Committee for Chinese Proficiency Test (HSK)(CNCCPT). The Committee is the supervisor of HSK and the issuer of the Chinese proficiency certificates. CNCCPT has an office called Office of China National Committee for Chinese Proficiency Test (HSK), which takes care of the HSK affairs together with the HSK Center of BLCU.
OK, next time I will tell you about applicants of HSK. See you!


Thanksgiving Day

November 24th, 2010 by eiragao

November 25th is a Thanksgiving Day.  Thanksgiving Day is the most truly American of the national Holidays in the United States and is most closely connected with the earliest history of the country. Now in China also have a lot of people celebrate Thanksgiving.

Do you know the origin of the Thankgiving Day?

In 1620, the settlers, or Pilgrims, they sailed to America on the May flower, seeking a place where they could have freedom of worship. After a tempestuous two-month voyage they landed at in icy November, what is now Plymouth, Massachusetts. During their first winter, over half of the settlers died of starvation or epidemics. Those who survived began sowing in the first spring.

All summer long they waited for the harvests with great anxiety, knowing that their lives and the future existence of the colony depended on the coming harvest. Finally the fields produced a yield rich beyond expectations. And therefore it was decided that a day of thanksgiving to the Lord be fixed. Years later, President of the United States proclaimed the fourth Thursday of November as Thanksgiving Day every year. The celebration of Thanksgiving Day has been observed on that date until today.

The pattern of the Thanksgiving celebration has never changed through the years. The big family dinner is planned months ahead. On the dinner table, people will find apples, oranges, chestnuts, walnuts and grapes. There will be plum pudding, mince pie, other varieties of food and cranberry juice and squash. The best and most attractive among them are roast turkey and pumpkin pie. They have been the most traditional and favorite food on Thanksgiving Day throughout the years.

Everyone agrees the dinner must be built around roast turkey stuffed with a bread dressing to absorb the tasty juices as it roasts. But as cooking varies with families and with the regions where one lives, it is not easy to get a consensus on the precise kind of stuffing for the royal bird.

Thanksgiving today is, in every sense, a national annual holiday on which Americans of all faiths and backgrounds join in to express their thanks for the year’ s bounty and reverently ask for continued blessings.


如何教成年人学习汉语

December 24th, 2009 by eiragao

成年人学习汉语有他们独特的优势。

针对以上成年人学习汉语的优点和缺点,我采取了以下几种方法:

第一,在上课之前把汉语拼音表挂出来,反复练习拼音,这就好像 唱歌的人在唱歌之前都要吊嗓子,经过每天上课前10分钟的练习,学员们对汉语拼音逐渐熟悉了,并能自觉地把汉语拼音与注音字母队比以加强记忆。

第二,针对成年人不愿意开口的特点,每天在讲完课以后我都设计一个讨论的话题。比如在学《你家有几口人?》这一课的时候,就让学生介绍一下自己家庭情况,包括家里有几口人、都是做什么工作的、在哪里工作等等。

第三,因为成年人的学习热情高,能坚持的时间长,我认为成人汉语班课程最好是每次两个小时,一周最少学习三次。这样集中学习的方法对于成人在短时间内掌握汉语基本用语有极大的帮助。

第四,根据成人学习汉语的需要,准备了实用性质的汉语,比如关于各种职业的介绍和时下比较流行的商务汉语,这符合他们学习汉语的需要。

在今后的教学工作中我会继续总结教学心得、做好教学反思。努力上好每一堂课,在教学中注重培养学员的兴趣,让大家保持对学习汉语的热情。


How to teach adults Chinese?

December 24th, 2009 by eiragao

Adults have their own advantages of learning Chinese.

Considering the advantages and weakness of adults learning Chinese, I will take several methods as below:

The first, I will hang out the Pinyin table, taking about ten minutes to pronounce the Pinyin repeatedly, which will strengthen the connection between the phonetic notation and Pinyin.

The second, considering the reluctance of speaking out, I will give a topic to discuss after class. For example, talking about your family, what they do and what are their plans in the near future.

The third, adults will pay more attention to the class than children. I suggest that the class is 2 hours long and 3 times a week, which I believe will help them learning more efficiently.

The last, based on the needs, I prepare some materials for adults to learn, like some popular business Chinese and introductions about some occupations.

I will summarize some useful experience and share it with you and keep on doing my best to make my class full of interest!! Thank you.


耐人寻味的课堂提问

December 24th, 2009 by eiragao

几乎每一位教师在每一节课上都会向学生发问,当一个问题提出后,对处于不同教育阶段的教师又会发现各不相同的现象:在幼儿园,各个小朋友会将手举得高高的,争先恐后地抢着回答;到了小学,

学生则循规蹈矩地将手抬起,等着回答;到了普通中学,举手的人更廖廖无几,甚至有一部分同学会低下头,惟恐被叫到。教师对学生的提问是如此,而学生对老师的提问也随着其年龄的增长而越来越少,几乎他们没有任何疑问。

难道学生真的没有问题了吗?答案当然是否定的,其原因就在于有时老师对学生的提问过于漠不关心,而使学生丧失了好奇心和求知欲,也在一定程度上削弱了对学生创造能力的培养。所以,在教学过程中,一方面要注重学生的个性,努力发展学生的求异思维,引导学生克服思维定势,积极开拓思路,从不同角度去探索问题,发表独特见解,求异求新,注意激发、保护学生的创造兴趣,使学生的创造活动产生源源不断的动力;另一方面,要注重学生的差异性,做到善教巧导,既要给基础好的学生扩充知识范围,增加学习深度,以满足他们的求知欲,也要给基础差的学生补一补课,多为他们创造读写练的机会,增加他们成功的体验。

总之,我认为中文教学一定要重视实践,让每一个学生在亲自体验中巩固知识。


The meaningful and thought-provoking questions on the class

December 24th, 2009 by eiragao

Almost every teacher will ask questions in the class. Normally they have different responses from different level of students—in the nursery school, children will raise their hands highly, striving to be the first; in the elementary school, pupil raise hands by the rule waiting to answer the question; in high school, few pupil will raise their hands, even some of them would like to lower heads to avoid being pointed. With pupil growing up, not only do they not want to answer questions but also they have fewer questions to ask.

Do they really have no questions to ask? The answer is no, obviously. Some of the reasons are the indifference showed by the teachers when were asked, which weakened the students’ curiosity and desire of learning to some extent and also reduced the effort to make them more creative. In view of these, teacher should pay more attention to the personalities of students, guiding them to different directions accordingly to stimulate their interest and keep them full of energy of learning. For doing this, giving extra personal tutorship is also necessary, which will increase students’ learning experience of success.

In a word, teaching Chinese needs more interactive experience and practice.


如何带领学生进入快乐的汉语乐园

December 3rd, 2009 by eiragao

汉语学习与武术、国画、剪纸、音乐、舞蹈这些课程的学习相比,汉语学习相对比较单调乏味,所以必须通过有效的教学手段,创设快乐的汉语乐园。

那么如何把学生领进快乐的汉语乐园呢?我认为重在“兴趣”二字,要激发学生对汉语,对中华文化的兴趣。要激发学生的学习兴趣,至关重要的角色就是老师。老师是否有亲和力引导学生学习汉语、喜欢汉语,愿意走进汉语,走进中华文化了。那么,如何展示老师的个人魅力,彰显亲和力,我想谈谈我的体会。

1、热情。热情是做好一件事的前提,如果一个老师上课,没有热情,没有激情,学生们对汉语产生热情与激情也就无从谈起了。就拿零起点儿童班来说,只有真正的喜欢小孩子,发现他们的可爱之处,才能寻找学生的兴趣点,激发学生学习汉语的热情,把课堂上得有声有色。

2、微笑。热情的一个重要的外在表现就是微笑,只有微笑,才能表现一个老师友好态度,缩短老师和同学的心理距离,特别是儿童,如果是八九岁的孩子天天在课堂上看老师板着脸到,在课堂上问问题,心理已造成压力,对学习哪会有兴趣?

3、关注。对学生的关注分为三种,对学生汉语水平的关注、性格爱好特长的关注和上课时学生情绪的关注。前两种关注,最好是在开展教学之前能够全面了解,特别是第一个。只有了解到学生水平的差异,才能合理安排课堂中的教学内容。如当要引入新的内容时,难的问题就让水平好的同学回答出来,让学生告诉学生正确的答案,而简单的机械操练的问题让水平差的同学去回答。另外,将水平高与低的同学交叉排列座位,让他们在学习中互相帮助;第二种关注有利于调剂课堂气氛。有一个重要的关注方法,就是将学生的兴趣爱好特长加进自己的教学内容中。如事先了解,在做游戏表演节目时就有底,就能更好地安排教学内容,如要讲“画画”这个新词时,事先在图画老师那里了解到哪个同学国画画得最好,并从那里借到这个学生的国画作品,引入这个新词,一方面使这位学生感到特别自豪,感受到极大的关注。另一方面,也很直观地表现了这一教学内容,一举两得。第三种关注,是有助于调节课堂气氛与课堂节奏,当看到学生注意力不集中的时候加进互动游戏,如蒙人,拍手儿歌等。

4、鼓励。不论是儿童还是成人在学习汉语时最需要的就是鼓励,有了鼓励,他们才有信心和兴趣去学习这门课,鼓励的方法有很多,表情、眼神、手势,称赞等等。

以上便是我在老师怎样对待学生方面的小小体会,相信建立良好的师生关系,让每位学生感受到“爱”,一定会让他们热爱汉语,走进汉语的快乐殿堂。


How to lead students to a paradise of learning Chinese

December 2nd, 2009 by eiragao

Compared with the lessons of martial arts, Chinese painting, paper cutting, music or dancing, Chinese lesson is relatively boring. So through an effective method of creating a paradise for learning Chinese become necessary.

Then how to lead students into the joy of Chinese learning? I think “interest’’ is the most important thing. The interest of learning Chinese and Chinese culture should be inspired. Teacher is the critical role to stimulate students in learning. Whether there is affinity for the teacher or not will guide students to learn, or willing to enter the Chinese culture. How, then, to demonstrate the personal charm and affinity of teacher, I would like to talk about some of my experiences.

Firstly, Enthusiasm is the premise. If a teacher without any passion in teaching, as a result, there will be no enthusiasm and passion for students in learning. Take the beginners for example, only to have the true love of children and find the cute point of them can we find out the interest point of students, to stimulate the enthusiasm and make the class actively.

Secondly, an important external manifestation of passion is smiling. Only smiling can perform the good attitude of teachers and shorten the psychological distance between teachers and students. Especially for children, will a 8 or 9 year old child be interest in learning when he see the teacher pout in class everyday? When the child asks questions in class, psychological stress has been formed.

Thirdly, There are three kinds of concerns for students: to concern about the level of Chinese, the character loving and strong point and the emotions of them in class. The first two concerns, especially the first one, should be fully understood before the teaching. Only to understand the level differences of the students, can the teacher arrange the teaching content reasonably. When to introduce new content, let students of higher level to answer the hard questions and tell other students of lower level the correct answer, while let students of to answer the simple and mechanical questions. In addition, to cross-arranged the seating of the students of high and low levels, so that they can help each other in learning; the second concern is favorable for the classroom atmosphere. One important method is to add the students’ interests and hobbies into the teaching content. You will be better arranged the teaching content if you pre-understanding and will perform well enough in the show. To talk about the new words in picture, you should to ask the teacher who knows which student to paint the country best, and borrow the painting works there. This student will feel particularly proud and great concerned with the introduction of the new words. On the other hand, it also directly demonstrated the teaching content. The third concern is helpful to regulate the classroom atmosphere and rhythm. When I saw that students can not concentrate the mind I will add interactive games, such as Meng Ren, clapped songs and so on.

Fourthly, one of the most needed things in learning Chinese is to encourage for both children and adults. With encouragement, they will have confidence and interest to learn this course. There are many ways to encourage: facial expressions, eye contact, gestures, praise, etc…

The facts mentioned above are some experience of mine in teaching students Chinese. I believe to establish a good teacher-student relationship will let each student to feel “love”. In return, they will love Chinese and join in the Chinese happy temple.